Osteoporosis Causes and Prevention
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density. The decrease in bone mass leads to an increase in the risk of fractures. Even though osteoporosis affects different ages and ethnicity, there are a few factors that make people more susceptible to developing the bone disease.
Uncontrollable Risk Factors for Developing Osteoporosis
- Sex: 80 percent of osteoporosis cases affect women.
- Age: As we get older, our bones naturally become weaker and lose density.
- Being too thin: Having a small, thin frame increases your risk of developing osteoporosis. However, people with heavier frames are still able to develop the disease.
- Menopause: Menopause decreases the amount of estrogen your body is producing. Estrogen is the female sex hormone that protects bones.
- A family history of osteoporosis: Much like a lot of diseases, there is an increased risk of developing osteoporosis if either of your parents has it.
Lifestyle Factors that Affect Osteoporosis
- Inactivity: Exercise strengthens bones as much as it strengthens muscles. Strong bones are less likely to fracture or lose density over time.
- Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of osteoporosis by interfering with the function of bone cells and interfering with proper calcium absorption.
- Nutrition: Calcium improves bone strength and Vitamin D helps bones absorb calcium. To lower your chance of developing osteoporosis, make sure you reach your daily calcium and vitamin D goals.
- Excessive alcohol consumption: Consuming large amounts of alcohol is bad for a variety of reasons, one of which being the impact it has on your calcium supply. Limit yourself to less than two drinks per day.